Hazara Wars in Afghanistan p4

Hazara Wars in Afghanistan p4

A spy of Amir Abd al-Rahman wrote and sent this information to the Amir about Abdul Quddus. He wrote that Afghan officers and commanders under the command of Abdul Quddus were forcibly marrying the daughters of Hazara chiefs. Each of them has more than one wife. These people spend most of their time in drinking and revelry. The Hazara tribes could not tolerate this behavior and atrocities of Governor Abdul Quddus for a long time and they took up arms. In April 1892, the biggest uprising of the Hazara tribes began. The uprising began when thirty-three Afghan soldiers attacked the home of a Hazara.

They entered the house on the pretext of searching and tied up the head of the house. His wife was then abused in front of his eyes. To take revenge for this incident, the relatives of this couple killed all the soldiers involved in the incident. After that, these people occupied the local military post and took back the weapons that the Afghan soldiers had taken away from these families. After this incident, the local people quickly became armed and soon the rebellion spread throughout Bamiyan. The Hazara tribes of the surrounding provinces of Bamiyan also joined in.

The rebels were led by Azim Baig, the head of the Hazara tribe “Dai Zangi”. The rebels severely defeated the governor of Bamiyan, Abdul Qudous, and the Afghan troops who came to his aid. After these defeats, Abdul Quddus fled to Kabul. Thousands of rebels also occupied the main highway from Kabul to Bamiyan. Thus, the land route from Bamyan to western and northern Afghanistan was cut off. Amir Abdul Rehman was also watching this whole situation from Kabul. He gave a religious touch to the political rivalry here to crush the rebellion.

He is such that Amir Abd al-Rahman obtained a fatwa from the scholars that all Shias and Ismailis are infidels. Therefore, jihad against them is obligatory. Based on this fatwa, they included all the Pashtuns, even their former opponents, the Ghalzais, who were settled in the Hazaras. He also promised to give wealth, women and children i.e. slaves to those fighting against the rebels. These rewards and the fatwa of Jihad were publicized throughout Afghanistan.

Thereafter, greedy for reward and religious fervor, millions of people gathered under the Amir’s banner against the Hazara tribes. According to the historian Askar Mousavi, the Amir soon prepared an army of about one and a half lakh. The number of government troops in this army was fifty thousand. Thirty to forty thousand infantry and ten thousand cavalry. Apart from them, 100,000 civilian volunteers were also included in this army. Apart from this, Ghalzai tribes living in Hazara, who had old disputes with Hazara for pastures and water etc., were also included in this army.

The Ghulzais were lured that Hazara lands would be taken away and given to them. Amir Abdul Rahman imposed emergency in the cities and sent this army to crush the Hazara tribes. Reportedly, the British government also offered to send military advisers to the Amir. However, Stv Urdu these advisers were not sent again for some reason. However, without British advisors, the Afghan army started attacking Hazara. The former governor of Bamiyan, Abdul Quddus, was also among its commanders.

This army soon completely blockaded all the areas in the Hazaras that were hotbeds of rebellion.Day Zangi, an important tribe of Hazaras, first came against this army but was defeated here. The leaders of the tribe were killed and the rest were arrested. This success boosted the morale of the attackers and they advanced further. However, they faced fierce resistance from the Hazara tribes. Hazara fighters continued to inflict heavy losses on the Afghan army in the difficult mountain passes.

However, as the attackers were outnumbered, they continued to advance. By August 1892, the Hazaras had been largely defeated. Their central leader Azim Baig was arrested and taken to Kabul and killed. Government forces also captured and destroyed Uruzgan, the main center of the Hazara rebellion. Thousands of men, women and children were enslaved here. These slaves were taken to Kabul and Kandahar and sold in the bazaars.

The heads of the slain Hazara fighters were cut off and many minarets were built from them so that the onlookers would learn a lesson and not dare to revolt. It is also said that hundreds of Hazara women jumped from the mountains into deep ditches to escape the Afghan soldiers and after the suppression of the Hazara rebellion, the Kabul government intensified its oppression of the local population. To teach the Hazara tribes a lesson, hugely more taxes were imposed on them and a new era of persecution began.

Part 5

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