Victory of the Afghans in the Battle of Maiwand p6
The ruler of his will was sitting on the throne of Kabul, including the foreign policy of Afghanistan, and many areas of the current Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Baluchistan were also under his control. Was successful. But they also paid a heavy price for this success. Western historian Jonathan Lee writes that this war was not a glorious victory for Britain. In this battle, Quagnari and three other British officers were killed along with their bodyguards. The battle to capture Sherpur cantonment was also narrowly won by the British.
Similarly, the defeat of Maiwand and the siege of Kandahar by the Afghans were also major setbacks for British military prestige. Lord Lytton, the Viceroy of India was also forced to resign due to this war. The Second Anglo-Afghan War also swallowed up seventeen million pounds of British exchequer, or one hundred and seventy million pounds, three times the pre-war estimates. In other words, this war was very heavy for both the Afghans and the British. General Roberts benefited the most from this war.
The glorious victory at Kandahar made him a hero of the British. He was made a special guest by Queen Victoria in Great Britain and was thanked by the British Parliament. He was presented with honorary swords. A military medal named Roberts Star was created in his name. The medal was awarded to all soldiers who marched with Roberts from Kabul to Kandahar. Even the horse of General Roberts was given this medal, not only this, General Roberts also got the title of Baron Roberts of Kandahar and the post of Field Marshal.
He is considered one of the most successful British generals of the nineteenth century. Even after the British left Afghanistan, the struggle for government in Afghanistan did not end. Ayub Khan who had returned to Herat after the defeat of Kandahar began to prepare a new army. A few months after the British left Afghanistan, in 1881, Ayub Khan attacked Kandahar again and this time captured it. The scholars of Kandahar also supported Ayub Khan and issued fatwas against Amir Abdul Rahman. In these fatwas,
Amir Abdul Rahman was declared a friend of the British and his rule was declared illegitimate. When Amir Abd al-Rahman came to know about the situation in Kandahar, he left Kabul with an army and attacked Kandahar, while he sent another army from northern Afghanistan to attack Herat. Ayub Khan and Abdur Rahman Khan encountered near Kandahar. In this battle, Amir Abdul Rahman won a decisive victory. Amir Abdul Rahman’s troops captured Kandahar and returned the city alive. After that,
Revenge was also taken from the scholars who gave fatwa against Amir Abdul Rahman. Some of these scholars had taken shelter in the building of Kharqa Sharif to save their lives. You know that a robe of the Prophet of Islam is kept in this building. Therefore, Afghans considered this building very sacred. Scholars believed that Amir Abdul Rahman would not attack this holy building. Their idea was wrong. On the order of Amir Abdul Rahman, the Afghan soldiers dragged these scholars out of the building.
Then the Afghan Amir himself took a sword and beheaded these scholars. The second army sent by Amir Abdul Rahman also captured Ayub Khan’s stronghold of Herat. Ayub Khan could not stay in Afghanistan after the defeat at Kandahar and the loss of Herat. He escaped to Iran. From there, they tried to enter Afghanistan again in 1886, but the Afghan army defeated them here as well. Ayub Khan returned to Iran and gave up hope of becoming the king of Afghanistan. In Iran, he received a message from the British to come to India and spend the life of exile under the shelter of the British.
Ayub Khan accepted this offer, he moved to India and spent the rest of his life here. He died in Nineteen Fourteen, Nineteen Fourteen. There is a mausoleum of Sheikh Habib Baba on Wazir Bagh Road in Peshawar. Under this tomb made of marble in the premises of this mausoleum, Fatih Mewand is sleeping eternally. My Curious Fellows Afghanistan’s Game of Thrones was won by Ameer Abdul Rahman. Now he was on the throne of Kabul. But this throne was not a bed of flowers but a bed of thorns for them. The Afghanistan that Amir Abdul Rahman found was in chaos.
There was no central government writ in any area. Rebellions and power struggles were going on everywhere. The situation was that it seemed difficult to maintain Afghanistan as a country. But Amir Abd al-Rahman had a formula he learned from Peter the Great, the eighteenth-century Russian ruler. He applied this formula in Afghanistan as well. What was this formula? How was the genocide of the Hazara tribes in Afghanistan? Why and what was this Afghanization? All these will show you but in the next episode of History of Afghanistan